Water is a requirement for human life and it is best when it arrives in the body cleansed and purified of all contaminants harmful pollutants, bacteria, and toxins. The goal of water purification is to eliminate everything in the water that is not pure H2O and there are several ways to accomplish this.
The two most advanced and practical methods of water purification are the activated carbon filter and Reverse Osmosis systems. We will take a closer look at this exemplary method of water purification in the following article.
How Do Carbon Filtration Systems Work?
The most time-honored method of water purification is the charcoal filter. You can make one of these yourself in the wild from the charred remains of your campfire. With the charcoal, pack it in a funnel and pour water through and you will have removed a great many contaminants from a questionable water source.
Charcoal is an especially good filtration media but an advanced purification system will be designed to enhance and preserves its purifying capacity for longer periods of usage. For example, most charcoal filters will feature a preliminary sediment filter made of sand or some other fine media that prevents the fine charcoal filter from becoming polluted.
It is important to note that not all charcoal filters are created equal. While the campfire charcoal filter is, merely satisfactory, a well-designed charcoal filter with high-quality activated charcoal can effectively remove chlorine, lead and other minerals from the water supply. You will want to look for an option that has been certified by a reliable authority to ensure the product performs as described.
How Does The Reverse Osmosis Filtration System Work?
Reverse osmosis is the next step in a complete water purification process. The reverse osmosis filtration system is especially costly and unless it has actually been approved by a reliable authority, it is probably not even a reverse osmosis system. Two things are important to keep in mind when producing and using a filtration system: what will be removed and for how long will this function effectively.
The reverse osmosis system functions by passing the water through a special membrane that will stop anything larger than 0.0005 microns (1 inch = 25,400 microns) from passing through. This will ensure that dissolved substances, bacteria, viruses, fluoride and many other organic and inorganic pollutants are pulled from the water supply.
The important thing to consider when using a reverse osmosis filter is that the fragile membrane can be damaged by chlorine so it is important to have a first-rate charcoal filtration system before this step of the process. Water from this two-step purification process will be pure, but it can get better.
A filtration system that provides the most pristine elixir of life will include more than one reverse osmosis filtration site. Because an advanced filtration system can stress the water and reduce its delicate nature, additional carbon filters and alkalizing stages to create a “well-polished” product that tastes pure.